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Navy Diving Manual
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7-14 Change A
U.S. Navy Diving Manual—Volume 2
7-4.1
Duration of Air Supply.
The duration of the air supply of any given cylinder or
combination of cylinders depends upon:
The diver’s consumption rate, which varies with the diver’s work rate,
The depth of the dive, and
The capacity and minimum pressure of the cylinder(s).
Temperature is usually not significant in computing the duration of the air supply,
unless the temperature conditions are extreme. When diving in extreme tempera-
ture conditions, Charles’/Gay-Lusac’s law must be applied.
There are three steps in calculating how long a diver’s air supply will last:
1.
Calculate the diver’s consumption rate by using this formula:
Where:
C
=
Diver’s consumption rate, standard cubic feet per minute (scfm)
D
=
Depth, fsw
RMV =
Diver’s Respiratory Minute Volume, actual cubic feet per
minute (acfm) (from Figure 7-6)
2.
Calculate the available air capacity provided by the cylinders. The air capacity
must be expressed as the capacity that will actually be available to the diver,
rather than as a total capacity of the cylinder. The formula for calculating the
available air capacity is:
Where:
P
_{c}
=
Measured cylinder pressure, psig
P
_{m}
=
Minimum pressure of cylinder, psig
FV
=
Floodable Volume (scf)
N
=
Number of cylinders
V
_{a}
=
Capacity available (scf)
3.
Calculate the duration of the available capacity (in minutes) by using this
formula:
Duration =
Where:
C
D
33
+
33
----------------
RMV
=
V
_{a}
P
_{c}
P
_{m}
–
14.7
--------------------
FV N
=
V
_{a}
C
------
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